The University of Delhi is the premier university of the country and is known for its high standards in teaching and research and attracts eminent scholars to its faculty. It was established in 1922 as a unitary, teaching and residential university by an Act of the then Central Legislative Assembly. The University initially had two faculties (Arts and Science), four colleges (St. Stephen's College, Hindu College, Zakir Husain College - erstwhile The Delhi College, and Ramjas College) and about 750 students. The President of India is the Visitor, the Vice President is the Chancellor and the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of India is the Pro-Chancellor of the University. 
The Viceregal Lodge Estate the official residence of the Viceroy of India until October 1933, was given to the University of Delhi and since then, it has housed the office of the Vice-Chancellor and other offices. When Sir Maurice Gwyer came to India in 1937 to serve as Chief Justice of British India, he became the Vice-Chancellor of the University of Delhi. During his time, postgraduate teaching courses were introduced and laboratories were established at the university. The silver jubilee year of the university in 1947 coincided with India's independence, and the national flag was hoisted in the main building for the first time by VKRV Rao. Twenty-five years later the golden jubilee celebrations of 1973 were attended by then Prime Minister of India - Indira Gandhi, Satyajit Ray, Amrita Pritam and M S Subbulakshmi. 
The University has grown into one of the largest universities in India. At present, there are 16 faculties, 86 academic departments, 77 colleges and 5 other recognised institutes spread all over the city, with 132,435 regular students which includes 114,494 undergraduates and 17,941 postgraduates. There are also 261,169 students in non-formal education programme, of which UG students make up 258,831 where as PG students are 2,338 in number. Five departments namely Chemistry, Geology, Zoology, Sociology and History have been awarded the status of the Centres of Advanced Studies. DU is one of the most sought after institution of higher education in India. It is also among the universities with highest publication count in India. 
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